The opioid epidemic isn’t only impacting humans, but now working animals. In 2015, 52,404 people died from drug overdoses in the United States. 12,989 of the overdoses were from heroin. 36 Police Dogs died in the line of duty as a result with the heroin on the streets.
Heroin is now more powerful as ever. The drug has began getting laced with both Fentanyl which is 50x more potent as well as Carfentanil which is 100x than Fentanyl.
Naloxone is a medication that can be used to reverse the effects of opioid overdoses in humans. Administered through a nasal spray or an injection, this opioid antidote can also be used on dogs. K-9s, whom sniff out narcotics, can get sick or even die from their exposure to Fentanyl, a powerful opioid that is up to 50 times more potent than heroin. Exposure to the drug will result in either a collapse or death. This is difficult to treat in the field. Most Veterinary Pharmacologists believe intranasal should work.